Pfizer Seeks India Approval For Covid Vaccine, First To Do So: Sources

Pfizer vaccine is said to have efficacy of over 90 per cent.

Highlights

  • Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine ready for rollout in United Kingdom, Bahrain
  • Regulator may ok vaccine if international trial results are satisfactory
  • Pfizer vaccine’s -70 degree Celsius storage temperature point of concern

New Delhi:

American pharma giant Pfizer has sought approval from the country’s drug regulator – the DCGI (Drugs Controller General of India) – for emergency use authorisation of its coronavirus vaccine, say sources. The vaccine is ready to be rolled out in the United Kingdom and Bahrain. This is the first such request received by the DCGI amid the race to find a vaccine for the deadly virus, which has affected over 96 lakh people in India. The drug regulator may give emergency approval if it is satisfied by the results of the trials conducted outside India, sources have added.

On Wednesday, the United Kingdom became the first western country to clear the Covid-19 shot developed jointly by Pfizer and German biotechnology partner BioNTech, which has reported an efficiency of 95 per cent in third stage of trials. ย 

In its application submitted on Friday, Pfizer India seeks permission to “import the vaccine for sale and distribution in the country, besides waiver of clinical trials on Indian population in accordance with the special provisions under the New Drugs and Clinical Trials Rules, 2019,” sources have been quoted as saying by news agency PTI.

Official sources in DCGI told NDTV: “Pfizer’s CT-18 application for grant of permission to import new drug (Covid vaccine) for sale in India is under process. As per New Drugs and Clinical trials Rules 2019, the application has to be decided within 90 days.”

The DCGI has “discretionary power to waive localised clinical trials for a vaccine”, officials say. Till date, such discretionary power has not been used.

A day after UK’s go-ahead marked a “historic” moment, Pfizer said it remains “committed to engaging with the Government of India and explore opportunities” to make its vaccine against coronavirus available in the country.

However, vaccine experts in the country have been raising concerns about the logistical issues linked to the distribution of the Pfizer vaccine, which needs to be stored at a temperature of minus 70 degrees Celsius. Most vaccines in India can be stored at temperatures between 2 and 8 degrees.ย 

Dr Gagandeep Kang, a vaccine expert, had earlier stated on Twitter, “This RNA vaccine needs ultracold storage. Not sure of BioNTech price, but Moderna is 37$ a dose. Which makes these vaccines a stretch for less resourced countries that will find them hard to deliver and expensive. (sic)”

In November, NITI Aayog member (Health) Dr VK Paul, who also heads the National Task Force on COVID-19, said sufficient doses of the Pfizer vaccine, as required for the Indian population, will not be available, but the government is looking at the possibilities and will work out a strategy for its procurement and distribution in case it gets the regulatory approvals.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday said “three indigenous vaccines are already in the final stages of trial. “Vaccines for COVID are likely to be ready within few weeks. Indian health agencies and manufacturers are working in tandem with global agencies. We are fully prepared for the roll out,” he said after an all-party meeting.

(With inputs from PTI)

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